During the born of prophet Muhammad in 571M, palestin is under the authority of power of Rome (Europe). Then, 40 years later, the prophet was appointed as the messenger of Allah. This begins the era of Islam, and prophet obligation to spread the words of Allah to all mankind. In the ways in fight for Allah’s right, prophet Muhammad had undergone a lots of obstacle. One of the biggest test is the lost of his two beloved person, his wife Siti Khadijah Khawalid and his uncle, Abu Talib bin Abu Mutalib. The saddest story to be told is his uncle not get a chance to embrace Islam.
Allah always near to his servant as stated in surah al-Baqarah verse 186 “When My servants ask you concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calls on Me: let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me: that they may walk in the right way.”.
So, Allah sent down the israj mikraj event so that prophet Muhammad not become so overwhelming. Thus, israj mikraj event took place between Masjid al-Haram and Sidratu Muntaha on 621M. First, the prophet is israk from Masjid al-Haram to Masjid al-Aqsa in Baitul Maqdis, Palestin. There, the most significant event happen, The Prophet become Iman and lead the prayer of all of other prophets in Masjid al-Aqsa. Then, the prophet is mikraj from Baitul Maqdis to Sidratu Muntaha. This event gave a signal to The Prophet to open Palestin thus start the quest of The Prophet to conquer Palestin from Rome.
In 630M, The Prophet had sent 3000 army opposed to the great power of Rome by that time with the power of 150,000 troops who invaded Palestine. The battle is known as Muktah War where its witness the death of three brave worriers of Muslim. Before went to the war, The Prophet said if the leader of war, Zaid bin Haritha death, then the position is replaced by Ja'far bin Abi Talib and subsequently if Ja’afar bin Abi Talib death, the position is replaced by Abdullah bin Rawahah who is also end as a martyr, and lastly the position was replaced by Khalid al-Walid. Khalid al-Walid at the end leads the Muslim army to undo from war with pride. He made a good strategy which successful frighten the enemy by confusing them with the actual number of Muslim army. By that strategy, the death of Muslim army during Muktah war is limited eventhough they by that time near to defeat.
The prophet desire to conquer Palestin not easily fade by the defeate of Muktah war. On 631M,The Prophet SAW led 30,000 troops of Islam’s army to the Palestin in Tabuk to against the great powers of Europe. It is said that Tabuk war is the last war participate by The Prophet and happened in Rejab. A brief history about the war is the war had plan to be held in Tabuk due to to they achieve words of not destroying their properties. However, Tabuk is situated away from Medinah and the season by that time was hot, not only that it was near the season of harvesting in Medinah. This war revealed those who are pretend to embrace Islam because those munafiqin start to lost hope to The Prophet. Eventhough in this war, the Europe army refuse to came out for battle so that no real war takes place, The Prophet had successfully made a piece agreement and follow Islam rules by jizyah from Raja Aliah, suku Jarba’ and Azruh. The aim of Prophet Muhammad to spread the words of Islam to Europe is done and the power of Islamic countries become vast and frigtened other countries .
The series of conquering Palestin is continued in 632M where The Prophet had set up the Muslim army under the leadership of Osama bin Zahid (aged 17 years) against the Romans in Ubna near Muktah in Palestine, but The Prophet never make it to see the war as he already passed away. As a results, Caliph Abu Bakr continued sending the Osama army in the days of his administration.
The freedom of Palestine from Rome is gain during Caliph Umar al-Khattab in 636M. Umar’s agreements ensure the safety of Palestinian population and do not allow any Jew to live there. This agreement was witnessed by the Companians, among them were Khalid al-Walid, 'Amr ibnal-As, Abdul Rahman bin Auf and Muawiya ibn Sufyan.
However, during 15th of July 1099Mm the dark age of Palestine is begin to repeat again.The Crusade I had started. Consequently,Baitul Maqdis was conquered by the Crusaders. The Crusaders had conquered Palestine and killed 70,000 Muslims around Al-Aqsa Mosque who were trying to cover there. In 1147M, the Crusade II took place. Nusuruddin Mahmud defeated the English at Aqsalan. In 1171M, Salehuddin al-Ayubi became the ruler by replacing asaluddin Syirkhuh.
2nd of October 1187M is the date that Palastinian ought to remember. It is the date of Muslim army under the leadership of Salehuddin al-Ayubi managed to free Baitul Maqdis after 88 years being occupied by the Crusaders. This happened after the Crusaders were defeated in Hittin War in which more than 10,000 soldiers were killed.
The freedom of palestin not last long, in 1191M, The Crusade III took place. Subsequently in 1202M,The Crusade IV also took place. Then The Crusade V (1215M),The Crusade VI (1229M), The Crusade VII (11239M), The Crusade VIII (1244M) and lastly The Crusade IX (1248M)
At the end, during 1517M,Palestin was being ruled under Ottoman empayar